Learning about an individual’s HIV status
A lot of the individuals (17) self-reported looking for an HIV test as a result of a sickness or indications thereof. For a couple, somebody or a kid’s infection (or death in a cases that are few made them look for an HIV test. One participant tested during maternity. A couple of individuals reported assessment must be male that is( partner was in fact unfaithful and also this had resulted in suspicions. Nine individuals stated that that they had been contaminated through their previous male lovers.
Eight individuals stated that that they had been raped. Three of them desired an HIV test straight after the rape event. The three connected their HIV good status with the rape event:
“I became young and there clearly was very little we knew. I became 12 years old in 1994 and I also had been raped by my uncle. (we tested) because I became raped and I needed to (test). My moms and dads took us to medical center additionally the physician stated he’d do all of the tests. (whenever we discovered) we thought we ended up being dying. Then again I happened to be a young child I think I was numb to everything…”Buli, 28 yrs old, Durban so I didn’t know
“How i acquired infected…I have actually three males. Since I have always been a lesbian and extremely butch, the majority of my buddies had been men. Whenever we will be drinking, they’d make the most of me… in my situation it absolutely was rape because that’s the way I got my children… ”. Glenda, 37 yrs old, Namibia|They would take advantage of me… For me it was rape because that’s how I got my children… ”. Glenda, 37 yrs old, Namibia when we would be drinking
Lesbians in Southern Africa specially have grown to be certain goals of rape, a kind of rape that is designed to `heterosexualise’ them (Mkhize et al. 2010). Although we may well not declare that the women in this study were targeted since they had been lesbians, it’s alarming that even yet in such a little test, numerous females reported having been raped.
Knowledge about testing
Participants reported it was hard and usually unpleasant to find an HIV test, as VCT counsellors are generally ill-informed or interested in learning same-sex preference that is sexual. As you participant reported, her counsellor shifted the main focus far from providing help about HIV to a pre-occupation about her sexual orientation:
“All I am able to say is – it is difficult for a lesbian to go after HIV test. I understand this really, first when you are for counselling this will depend that is providing you with that counselling… You get here in addition they inform you of condoms and that you need to utilize them…you let them know “ I don’t do men”. You will get a person who is empty ( perhaps not informed) in addition to subject for counselling changes. `How do it is done by you? (have intercourse with ladies)’ you simply get agitated whenever you are said to be coping with the news headlines because you will be homosexual. You are HIV good while the conversation has changed” Lesego, 29 yrs old, Pretoria
The health provider was so insensitive after learning about her sexual orientation that he threw her HIV test results on the floor for another participant
“I experienced this constant frustration which…would not stop. When I went along to the doctor…Two days later on, We returned once more, and HIV tests had been run they told me I was HIV positive on me, that’s when. That medical practitioner was not therefore good beside me because among the things he asked me ended up being am we intimately active, and I also said `yes’. Then asked if with a guy or a female. We said `both’ after which he tossed my outcomes page on to the floor and stated that if i possibly could rest both with gents and ladies i possibly could see the report on the page that i will be HIV positive. He dropped it on to the floor. ” Mapule, 29 yrs old, Johannesburg
The anxieties related to HIV screening for lesbians claim that more work should be achieved to sensitise medical researchers about individuals diverse preferences that are sexual orientations. This might get a way that is long make sure that customers aren’t confronted with the possibility dual stigma of disclosure of these intimate orientation. It is the curious questions about same-sex sexual acts that the participant had to entertain if it is not a negative attitude, as one participant above explained.